Yugoslav leader Marshall Josep Broz Tito relinquished leadership of the Non Aligned Movement to Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in Cairo at the second summit. Addressing the plenary session, Mrs Bandaranaike stressed the need for the evolution of a new definition and function of non-alignment in keeping with the rapidly changing global situation. She noted “the idea of non-alignment arose out of our determination to be free of involvement with power blocs. With the changes that have occurred in the relations between the great powers…it is true that the definition and function of non-alignment needs re-examination.” As a result of her initiative, the Cairo Conference adopted two resolutions; one recommended the establishment of zones free of nuclear weapons covering the oceans of the world; the second was a total condemnation of the big powers’ efforts to establish and maintain bases in the Indian Ocean. She tabled the subsequent Cairo Declaration in the Senate on 10November 1964, which was thereafter endorsed, formulating a cornerstone of Ceylon’s foreign policy.