• සිරිමාවෝ බණ්ඩාරනායක

  • சிறிமாவோ பண்டாரநாயக்க

  • SIRIMAVO BANDARANAIKE

" The World's First Female Prime Minister "

Chronology


05 June 1963 – Decision to take over oil companies

Mrs Bandaranaike decided in June 1963 to make the Ceylon Petroleum Corporation the sole importer and distributor of petroleum products in the country. This decision was taken owing to the lack of a satisfactory mechanism…

19 June 1963 – Concern over the persecution of Buddhists in South Vietnam

Ceylon was instrumental in leading efforts at the United Nations in raising concern over the discrimination of Buddhists in South Vietnam. Mobilizing world opinion, Mrs Bandaranaike wrote to Indian Prime Minister Nehru, Burmese leader General…

27 July 1963 – Ceylon welcomes Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

Given her determination to harness support against nuclear testing, Mrs Bandaranaike welcomed the initialling of the Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty by Britain, the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Issuing a message on this…

09–14 October 1963 – Visit to the United Arab Republic

With Ceylon being held in high esteem by the Egyptian people owing to the stand of the country during the tripartite aggression against Egypt in 1956, which was before the establishment of diplomatic relations, Mrs…

14-17 October 1963 – Visit to Czechoslovakia

Arriving in Prague, Mrs Bandaranaike conferred with her Czech counterpart Jozef Lenart and with President Antonin Novotny, focusing their attention on issues concerning solidarity, especially with nations that were still struggling under colonial domination. Trade…

17-20 October 1963 – Visit to Poland

Mrs Bandaranaike’s tour took her to Poland, a country with which Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike had established diplomatic relations in 1957. In Warsaw, at the invitation of Prime Minister Josef Cyrankiewcz, she…

21-28 October 1963 – Visit to the Soviet Union

In implementing an effective policy of dealing with both super powers in the Cold War, Mrs Bandaranaike undertook a State Visit to Moscow, with the aim of strengthening relations between the two countries and continuing…

22 November 1963 – Assassination of US President John F. Kennedy

In November 1963, the news of the assassination of US President John F. Kennedy reached Mrs Bandaranaike. The two leaders had communicated extensively since assuming office within months of each other. Writing to Mrs Jacqueline…

08-15 December 1963 – Visit of Pakistan President Ayub Khan

Given the strides thatMrs Bandaranaike had taken in the sphere of international relations, she saw it appropriate to strengthen ties with Pakistan and hosted the President of Pakistan Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan. During his…

23 January 1964 – Opposition to Apartheid

Vehemently opposed to apartheid in South Africa, Mrs Bandaranaike, speaking in the Senate, noted that “we have subscribed to the imposition of economic sanctions against South Africa, although we have said that for such sanctions…

26-29 February 1964 – Visit of Chinese Premier Chou En-lai

Chinese Premier Chou En-lai visited Ceylon on a four-day tour which marked his second visit to the country. The first visit had been at the invitation of Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike in…

27 March 1964 –Death of Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru

The passing away of Jawaharlal Nehru, following a heart attack, came as a shock to India and to the entire non-aligned world which had come to rely on his wise counsel and guidance. Mrs Bandaranaike,…

08 July 1964 – 13th Commonwealth Prime Ministers’Conference

Mrs Bandaranaike led the Ceylonese delegation to the 13th Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference convened by British Prime Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home in London. Reaffirming its opposition to apartheid, the Conference which brought together Prime Ministers…

05–10 October 1964 – Second Non Aligned Movement Summit in Cairo

Yugoslav leader Marshall Josep Broz Tito relinquished leadership of the Non Aligned Movement to Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in Cairo at the second summit. Addressing the plenary session, Mrs Bandaranaike stressed the need for…

27 October 1964 – Survey of the Mahaweli River and dry zones commences

A project aimed at surveying the Mahaweli River and the dry zones of the Northern and Central provinces had been commissioned by Mrs Bandaranaike’s Government in 1961. The plan of operation signed on 12 October…

30 October 1964 – Sirima-Shastri Pacton Citizenship

Mrs Bandaranaike reached agreement with Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri on the settlement of the citizenship status of almost a million person of Indian origin who had been brought to work on the tea…

03 December 1964 – Loss of vote in Parliament

Mrs Bandaranaike’s government lost a vote in Parliament in December 1964 which warranted the dissolution of Parliament and the calling for General Elections. Months earlier at the beginning of 1964 she had brought into the…

22 March 1965 – General Election of 1965

The Sri Lanka Freedom Party secured 41 seats in Parliament while the Coalition that Mrs Bandaranaike headed held a total of 55 seats, which was insufficient to form a Government, resulting in the United National…

05 April 1965 – Leader of the Opposition

Following the defeat of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party at the General Elections of 1965, Mrs Bandaranaike, who won the Attanagalla seat by a majority of 16, 500 votes, was to sit in the opposition.…

08 January 1966 – Protest campaign against Dudley–Chelvanayagam Pact

Mrs Bandaranaikeled protest campaigns against the Dudley-Chelvanayagam Pact, a portion of which entailed the implementation of the Reasonable Use of Tamil Act, which had been introduced by Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike in…