• සිරිමාවෝ බණ්ඩාරනායක

  • சிறிமாவோ பண்டாரநாயக்க

  • SIRIMAVO BANDARANAIKE

" The World's First Female Prime Minister "

Chronology


05 June 1968 –SLFP strengthens support base with LSSP and CP

Mrs Bandaranaike in consolidating and building support while in opposition, signed a Common Agreement bringing together the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party and the Communist Party under one umbrella. Aimed at…

27 May 1970 – General Election victory

The General Election of 1970 saw Mrs Bandaranaike sweep to power at the helm of the United Front consisting of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party and the Communist Party, which…

29 May 1970 – Sworn-in as Prime Minister for the second time

Returning as Prime Minister for a second time, Mrs Bandaranaike was sworn in before Governor-General William Gopallawa at Queen’s House. In addition to serving as Prime Minister, Mrs Bandaranaike also held the portfolios of Defence…

26 August 1970 – Visit of Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yew

Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yew was a guest of Mrs Bandaranaike early in her second term. Making the first stop in Colombo on his world tour, that was to last several weeks, Prime Minister…

08 – 10 September 1970 – Third Non Aligned Movement Summit in Lusaka

The third Non Aligned Movement Summit saw President Kenneth Kaunda take over leadership of the Non Aligned Movement from Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser in Lusaka. Mrs Bandaranaike, leading the Ceylon delegation was firm in…

29 September 1970 – Death of President Nasser of Egypt

The death of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, a stalwart of the Non Aligned Movement and close friend of Mrs Bandaranaike, saw her travelling to Cairo for the State Funeral. Mrs Bandaranaike had met him…

24 November 1970 – Construction of the BMICH commences

Following the visit of Chinese Premier Chou En Lai in February 1964 and the assurance of the construction of an international conference hall in memory of Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, the ground-breaking…

04 December 1970 – Visit of Pope Paul VI

Mrs Bandaranaike received Pope Paul VI who undertook a short visit to Sri Lanka in December 1970. The visit which was confined to the Ratmalana Airport was highly significant as it was the first visit…

14-22 January 1971 – 1st Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, Singapore

Attending the first ever Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, which replaced the early Commonwealth Prime Ministers’ Conference, Mrs Bandaranaike articulated her proposal for the creation of an Indian Ocean Peace Zone. The leaders meeting in…

25 January 1971 – Visit of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau

The four day visit of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau marked a milestone in relations between Ceylon and Canada. The friendship that Mrs Bandaranaike enjoyed with the Canadian Premier would continue well into her tenure.…

April 1971 – Eruption of a youth led insurrection

Mrs Bandaranaike, who had bravely faced the attempted coup d’état a decade earlier at the beginning of her first term, was to face one of her main challenges just a year into her second term…

26 September 1971 – Senate abolished

The Upper House of Parliament, in the bi-cameral system of governance which was in place in Ceylon ceased to exist on 26th September 1971. Mrs Bandaranaike, having been first brought into the political mainstream through…

12 October 1971 – UNGA – Peace Zone proposal

Attending the 26thsession of the United Nations General Assembly in October 1971, Mrs Bandaranaike proposed the declaration of the Indian Ocean as a Zone of Peace. This topic featured in her discussions with UN Secretary…

20 October 1971 – Meeting with US President Richard Nixon

Mrs Bandaranaike, whilst visiting the United States of America to address the United Nations General Assembly, undertook a private visit to Washington. She held bilateral discussions with US President Richard Nixon in the Oval Office,…

21 October 1971 – Visit to Canada

Problems confronted at the United Nations, fermenting issues in South Asia and Canadian aid to Ceylon were among the main topics of discussion during Mrs Bandaranaike’s visit to Canada. Considered a reciprocal visit, after Prime…

24 October 1971– Visit to the United Kingdom

Undertaking a four day official visit to the United Kingdom, Mrs Bandaranaike, who was the guest of Prime Minister Edward Heath, appreciated the support extended by the UK, earlier that year in tackling the youth…

November 1971 – Five Year Plan

Mrs Bandaranaike and her Government introduced a Five Year Plan at the end of 1971 which was to pursue the twin goals of economic independence and economic growth. Lauded by several countries for its direction…

1972 – Land Reform Act

Having identified a common yearning in the country for land and livelihoods, Mrs Bandaranaike appointed Land Reform Commission. Tasked with the re-distribution of land, the regulations which were introduced limited an adult to possessing 50…

1972 – Agricultural Productivity Act

Mrs Bandaranaike’s Government introduced the Agricultural Productivity Act in 1972 with the aim of defining standards of production in respect of land held with the threat of confiscation of the owners do not conform. Whilst…

21 January 1972 – Establishment of the State Film Corporation

With a keen view in nurturing local cinema, Mrs Bandaranaike was instrumental in the establishment of the State Film Corporation in an era in which cinema and stage drama were the sole forms of visual…